Cardiovascular diseases are a group of heart and blood vessel diseases that include:
The main causes of cardiovascular diseases are represented by combinations of risk factors such as tobacco consumption, unhealthy diet, obesity, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia.
Risk factors that can't be influenced
Risk factors that can be influenced
These "risk factors" can be measured in primary care units through various risk scales that may indicate an increased risk of suffering a myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure and other complications.
Smoking cessation, salt intake reduction, eating fruits and vegetables, regular physical activity and moderate alcohol consumption have been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. In addition, the medical treatment of diabetes, high blood pressure and high blood lipids may be necessary to reduce cardiovascular risk and prevent heart attacks and strokes.
Symptoms and signs of cardiovascular disease
People who suffer from these symptoms should seek medical attention immediately
Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death globally: more people die annually from cardiovascular diseases than from any other cause
*European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2017*European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2017